Division of Nepal on the basis of climate

Division of Nepal on the basis of climate:

 Nepal's climate can be divided into five types based on geography and altitude.

(A) Sub Tropical Monsoon Climate:

It is found in the Terai, Bhawar Dun and Chure regions of Nepal at altitudes up to 1,200 meters (4,000 feet) called the subtropical and subtropical climate. Temperatures reach 38 to 42 degrees Celsius in summer and 15 to 5 degrees in winter. During the rainy season, monsoon winds from the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean bring rain. Rainfall generally decreases from east to west and increases from north to south, causing more heat in the Western Terai than in the Eastern Terai. Especially Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj and Kailali.

(B) Warm Temperate Climate

Found at altitudes of 1,200 to 2,100 meters (4,000-7,000 feet) in the Chure Hills and the Mahabharata Mountains, this type of climate is warmer in summer and cooler in winter. Temperatures reach 24 to 319 degrees Celsius in summer and drop to 0 degrees Celsius in winter. Due to the monsoon winds blowing from Nepal, the rainfall is up to 250 cm on the southern slopes and up to 100 cm on the northern slopes.

(C) Cold temperate climate

Found at an altitude of 2,100 to 3,350 meters (7,000-11,000 feet) in the Mahabharata mountain range, it is warm in summer and very cold in winter. The temperature here reaches 150 to 20 ° C in summer and drops to 0 C in winter. It receives up to 10 cm of rain a year and snow in winter. Due to low temperature and low rainfall, farming is very low here. Although the life of the people here is difficult, such climate is considered suitable from the point of view of health

(D) Lekali Climate

In Nepal, the cold climate of the Himalayan region from 3,350 to 5,000 meters (11,000-16,000 feet) above sea level is called Lekali climate. The temperature here reaches 10 ° C in April, May and June, but at other times (about 9 months it stays below 0 C). The rainfall here is up to 30 mm. There is no agriculture here, but the place is suitable for animal husbandry and tourism activities as it is grazed in large mountain ranges.

(E) Tundra Climate

Extremely cold and dry climate of the Himalayan region is called Himalayan, polar or tundra climate. It always snows here and it snows as rain. 5,000 m. With temperatures above 16,000 feet below zero degrees Celsius, there is a severe snowstorm in the afternoon. The climate here is also called Himalayan desert climate.

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