Computer Fundamental-4



NOS stands for______________?

A. Node operating system
B. Non-open software
C. Network Operating system
D. Non-operating software


_______________are system software to facilitate editing of text and data?

A. MS Word
B. Editors
C. PowerPoint
D. MS publisher


Computers, combine both measuring and counting, are called________________?

A. Analog
B. Digital
C. Hybrid
D. All of these


In world today, most of the computers are_____________?

A. Digital
B. Hybrid
C. Analog
D. Complex


physical structure of computer is called____________?

A. Software
B. Hardware
C. Human ware
D. All of these


In which type of computer, data are represented as discrete signals?

A. Analog computer
B. Digital computer
C. both
D. Hybrid Computer


C’ in CPU denotes___________?

A. Central
B. Common
C. Convenient
D. Computer
E. None of these


Which of the following uses a handheld operating system?

A. supercomputer
B. personal computer
C. Laptop


To display the contents of a folder in Windows Explorer you should:

A. click on it
B. collapse it
C. name it
D. give it a password
E. None of these


The CPU comprises of Control, Memory and_______________units?

A. Microprocessor
B. Arithmetic/Logic
C. Output


_________computer are of large size?

A. Micro
B. Mainframe
C. Super
D. Mini


Note book, laptop,palm,hand-held computers are coming under the category of__________computer?

A. Digital computer
B. Mainframe computer
C. Portable computer
D. Hybrid computer


Touch Screen is___________?

A. Input device
B. Output device
C. Both A & B above
D. None of these


____________are used for plotting graphs and design on papers?

A. Trackball
B. Joystick
C. Light pen
D. Plotters


_______________are specific to users’ needs?

A. System software
B. Application software
C. Assemblers
D. Compilers

“MAN” stands for_______________?

A. Maximum Area Network
B. Minimum Area Network
C. Main Area Network
D. Metropolitan Area Network


Which of the following is a network topology?



VOIP stands for___________?

A. Voice over IP
B. Video over IP
C. Viruses over IP
D. Virtual over IP


LAN stands for______________?

A. Limited Area Network
B. Logical Area Network
C. Local Area Network
D. Large Area Network


_____________are set of rules and procedures to control the data transmission over the internet?

A. IP address
B. Domains
C. Protocol
D. Gateway


Hardware or software designed to guard against unauthorized access to a computer network is known as a(n)___________?

A. Hacker-proof program
B. Firewall
C. Hacker-resistant server
D. Encryption safe wall


The scrambling of code is known as___________?

A. Encryption
B. a firewall
C. Scrambling
D. Password proofing


To prevent the loss of data during power failures, use a(n)_____________?

A. Encryption program
B. Surge protector
C. Firewall


__________is defined as any crime completed through the use of computer technology?

A. Computer forensics
B. Computer crime
C. Hacking
D. Cracking


___________refers to electronic trespassing or criminal hacking?

A. Cracking
B. Jacking
C. Spoofing
D. Smarming


The first electronic computer was developed by____________?

A. J.V. Attansoff
B. Bill Gates
C. Simur Cray
D. Winton Serf


_____________computers operates essentially by counting?

A. Portable computer
B. Hybrid computer
C. Analog computer
D. Digital computer


____________computer is small general purpose micro computer, but larger than portable computer?

A. Hybrid
B. Digital
C. Desktop
D. Laptop


Cathode Ray Tube is a form of__________?

A. Keyboard
B. Mouse
C. Monitor
D. Mother board


____________computer is a medium sized computer?

A. Micro
B. Mainframe
C. Super
D. Mini


Malicious software is known as____________?

A. Badware.
B. Malware.
C. Maliciousware.
D. Illegalware


A program that performs a useful task while simultaneously allowing destructive acts is a___________?

A. Worm.
B. Trojan horse.
C. Virus.
D. Macro virus


An intentionally disruptive program that spreads from program to program or from disk to disk is known as a_____________?

A. Trojan horse.
B. Virus.
C. Time bomb.
D. Time-related bomb sequence.


In 1999, the Melissa virus was a widely publicised:____________?

A. E-mail virus.
B. Macro virus.
C. Trojan horse.
D. Time bomb.


What type of virus uses computer hosts to reproduce itself?

A. Time bomb
B. Worm
C. Melissa virus
D. Macro virus


The thing that eventually terminates a worm virus is a lack of:

A. Memory or disk space.
B. Time.
C. CD drives space.


When a logic bomb is activated by a time-related event, it is known as a____________?

A. Time-related bomb sequence.
B. Virus.
C. Time bomb.
D. Trojan horse.

What is the name of an application program that gathers user information and sends it to someone through the Internet?

A. A virus
B. Spybot
C. Logic bomb
D. Security patch


____________is the measurement of things such as fingerprints and retinal scans used for security access?

A. Biometrics
B. Bio measurement
C. Computer security
D. Smart weapon machinery


What is the most common tool used to restrict access to a computer system?

A. User logins
B. Passwords
C. Computer keys
D. Access-control software


Which of the following does not store data permanently?

C. Floppy Disk
D. Hard Disk


Which of the following is the smallest storage?

A. Megabyte
B. Gigabyte
C. Terabyte
D. None of these

Which of the following contains permanent data and gets updated during the processing of transactions?

A. Operating System File
B. Transaction file
C. Software File
D. Master file


A modem is connected to_____________?

A. a telephone line
B. a keyboard
C. a printer
D. a monitor


Large transaction processing systems in automated organisations use___________?

A. Online processing
B. Batch Processing
C. Once-a-day Processing
D. End-of-day processing


Which of the following is not a storage medium?

A. Hard disk
B. Flash drive
D. scanner


The computer abbreviation KB usually means____________?

A. Key Block
B. Kernel Boot
C. Kilo Byte
D. Kit Bit


The typical computer criminal is a(n)____________?

A. Young hacker.
B. Trusted employee with no criminal record.
C. Trusted employee with a long, but unknown criminal record.
D. Overseas young cracker.


The common name for the crime of stealing passwords is____________?

A. Jacking.
B. Identity theft.
C. Spoofing.
D. Hacking.


Collecting personal information and effectively posing as another individual is known as the crime of_____________?

A. Spooling.
B. Identity theft.
C. Spoofing.
D. Hacking.

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