Computer Fundamental-3



A ____________is a microprocessor -based computing device?

A. personal computer
B. mainframe
C. workstation
D. server


RAM can be treated as the____________for the computer’s processor?

A. factory
B. operating room
C. waiting room
D. planning room


Which of the following are the functions of a operating system?

A. Allocates resources
B. Monitors Activities
C. Manages disks and files
D. All of the above


To move a copy of file from one computer to another over a communication channel is called?

A. File transfer
B. File encryption
C. File modification
D. File copying


The primary function of the__________is to set up the hardware and load and start an operating system?

A. System Programs
D. Memory


What kind of memory is both static and non -volatile?



_____________is computer software designed to operate the computer hardware and to provide platform for running application software?

A. Application software
B. System software
C. Software
D. Operating system


The______________is the amount of data that a storage device can move from the storage medium to the Computer per second?

A. data migration rate
B. data digitizing rate
C. data transfer rate
D. data access rate


A device, which is not connected to CPU, is called as___________?

A. land-line device
B. On-line device
C. Off-line device
D. Device


What is the other name for programmed chip?



On-line real time systems become popular in______________generation?

A. First Generation
B. Second Generation
C. Third Generation
D. Fourth Generation


You use a(n)___________such as a keyboard or mouse, to input information?

A. output device
B. input device
C. storage device
D. processing device


_______________is the ability of a device to “jump” directly to the requested data?

A. Sequential access
B. Random access
C. Quick access
D. All of the above


_________________provides process and memory management services that allow two or more tasks, jobs, or programs to run simultaneously?

A. Multitasking
B. Multithreading
C. Multiprocessing
D. Multicomputing


The task of performing operations like arithmetic and logical operations is called____________?

A. Processing
B. Storing
C. Editing
D. Sorting


ALU and Control Unit jointly known as__________?



RAM is an example of___________?

A. Secondary memory
B. Primary memory
C. Both A. and B.
D. none


Magnetic disk is an example of____________?

A. Secondary memory
B. Primary memory
C. Main memory
D. Both (1) and (2)


Which one of the following is NOT a computer language?

A. MS-Excel
D. C++


___________Store data or information temporarily and pass it on as directed by the control unit?

A. Address
B. Register
C. Number
D. Memory


Select the Odd one from the following

A. Operating system
B. Interpreter
C. Compiler
D. Assembler


A________________is an additional set of commands that the computer displays after you make a selection from the main menu?

A. dialog box
B. submenu
C. menu selection
D. All of the above


COBOL is an acronym for________________?

A. Common Business Oriented Language
B. Computer Business Oriented Language
C. Common Business Operated Language
D. Common Business Organized Language


All of the following are examples of real security and privacy risks EXCEPT____________?

A. hackers
B. Spam
C. Viruses
D. identity theft


Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data processing functions of a computer?

A. gathering data
B. processing data into information
C. analyzing the data or information
D. storing the data or information


All of the following are examples of storage devices EXCEPT____________?

A. hard disk drives
B. printers
C. floppy disk drives
D. CD drives


The CPU and memory are located on the__________?

A. expansion board
B. motherboard
C. storage device
D. output device


______________is the science that attempts to produce machines that display the same type of intelligence that humans do?

A. Nanoscience
B. Nanotechnology
C. Simulation
D. Artificial intelligence (Al)


Servers are computers that provide resources to other computers connected to a___________?

A. network
B. mainframe
C. supercomputer
D. client


When creating a computer program, the____________designs the structure of the program?

A. End user
B. System Analyst
C. Programmer
D. All of the above


Computers process data into information by working exclusively with____________?

A. multimedia
B. word
C. numbers
D. characters


Computers manipulate data in many ways, and this manipulation is called___________?

A. upgrading
B. processing
C. batching
D. utilizing


The ability to recover and read deleted or damaged files from a criminal’s computer is an example of a law enforcement speciality called___________?

A. robotics
B. simulation
C. computer forensics
D. animation


Where does most data go first with in a computer memory hierarchy ?



The_____________data mining technique derives rules from real-world case examples?

A. Rule discover
B. Signal processing
C. Neural nets
D. Case-based reasoning


_____________are used to identify a user who returns to a Website?

A. Cookies
B. Plug-ins
C. Scripts


Codes consisting of lines of varying widths or lengths that are computer-readable are known as__________?

A. an ASCII code
B. a magnetic tape
C. an OCR scanner
D. a bar code


Why is it unethical to share copyrighted files with your friends?

A. It is not unethical, because it is legal.
B. It is unethical because the files are being given for free.
C. Sharing copyrighted files without permission breaks copyright laws.
D. It is not unethical because the files are being given for free.


Reusable optical storage will typically have the acronym________?



The most common type of storage devices are_________?

A. magnetic storage
B. Flash memory
C. optical
D. Both A & B


A device that connects to a network without the use of cables is said to be___________?

A. Distributed
B. free
C. centralized
D. none of these

A person who used his or her expertise to gain access to other people’s computers to get information illegally or do damage is a____________?

A. Hacker
B. spammer
C. instant messenger
D. programmer


To access properties of an object, the mouse technique to use is_____________?

A. Dragging
B. dropping
C. right-clicking
D. shift-clicking


A DVD is an example of a (n)___________?

A. hard disk
B. optical disc
C. output device
D. solid-state storage device


The process of transferring files from a computer on the Internet to your computer is called_____________?

A. Downloading
B. uploading


ASCII is a coding system that provides_____________?

A. 256 different characters
B. 512 different characters
C. 1024 different characters
D. 128 different characters

Which part of the computer is directly involved in executing the instructions of the computer program?

A. The scanner
B. The main storage
C. The secondary storage
D. The processor


When a computer is switched on, the booting process performs___________?

A. Integrity Test
B. Power-On Self-Test
C. Correct Functioning Test
D. Reliability Test


A computer system that is old and perhaps not satisfactory is referred to as a(n)____________?

A. Ancient system
B. Historical system
C. Age old system
D. Legacy system


Which of the following is not a binary number?

A. 001
B. 101
C. 202
D. 110

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