Computer Fundamental-2




What characteristic of read-only memory (ROM) makes it useful?

A. ROM information can be easily updated.
B. Data in ROM is non-volatile, that is, it remains there even without electrical power.
C. ROM provides very large amounts of inexpensive data storage.
D. ROM chips are easily swapped between different brands of computers.


What do you call the programs that are used to find out possible faults and their causes?

A. operating system extensions
B. cookies
C. diagnostic software
D. boot diskettes


Which programming languages are classified as low level languages?

A. BASIC, COBOL, Fortran
B. Prolog
C. C, C++
D. Assembly languages


Which of the following is not anti- viruses software?    

A. Avira 
B. Kaspersky
C. Oracle
D. McAfee

What does DMA stand for?

A. Distinct Memory Access
B. Direct Memory Access
C. Direct Module Access
D. Direct Memory Allocation


Which of the following is a storage device?

A. Tape
B. Hard Disk
C. Floppy Disk
D. All of the above


When did John Napier develop logarithm?

A. 1416
B. 1614
C. 1641
D. 1804


MIS is designed to provide information needed for effective decision making by?

A. Consumers
B. Workers
C. Foremen
D. Managers


ASCII stands for__________?

A. American Stable Code for International Interchange
B. American Standard Case for Institutional Interchange
C. American Standard Code for Information Interchange
D. American Standard Code for Interchange Information


Which of the following is first generation of computer?

B. IBM-1401
C. CDC-1604
D. ICL-2900

IBM 1401 is_________?

A. First Generation Computer
B. Second Generation Computer
C. Third Generation Computer
D . Fourth Generation Computer


Chief component of first generation computer was__________?

A. Transistors
B. Vacuum Tubes and Valves
C. Integrated Circuits
D. None of above


Second Generation computers were developed during___________?

A. 1949 to 1955
B. 1956 to 1965
C. 1965 to 1970
D. 1970 to 1990


The computer size was very large in__________?

a. First Generation
b. Second Generation
c. Third Generation
d. Fourth Generation


Microprocessors as switching devices are for ___________generation computers?

A. First Generation
B. Second Generation
C. Third Generation
D. Fourth Generation


Which of the following devices can be sued to directly image printed text?

D. All of above


The output quality of a printer is measured by____________?

A. Dot per inch
B. Dot per sq. inch
C. Dots printed per unit time
D. All of above


In analogue computer_____________?

A. Input is first converted to digital form
B. Input is never converted to digital form
C. Output is displayed in digital form
D. All of above


In latest generation computers, the instructions are executed___________?

A. Parallel only
B. Sequentially only
C. Both sequentially and parallel
D. All of above


Who designed the first electronics computer – ENIAC?

A. Van-Neumann
B. Joseph M. Jacquard
C. J. Presper Eckert and John W Mauchly
D. All of above


Who invented the high level language “C”?

A. Dennis M. Ritchie
B. Niklaus Writh
C. Seymour Papert
D. Donald Kunth


Personnel who design, program, operate and maintain computer equipment refers to__________?

A. Console-operator
B. Programmer
C. Peopleware
D. System Analyst


An error in software or hardware is called a bug. What is the alternative computer jargon for it?

A. Leech
B. Squid
C. Slug
D. Glitch


Modern Computer are very reliable but they are not___________?

A. Fast
B. Powerful
C. Infallible
D. Cheap


Personal computers use a number of chips mounted on a main circuit board. What is the common name for such boards?

A. Daughter board
B. Motherboard
C. Father board
D. Breadboard


What is meant by a dedicated computer?

A. Which is used by one person only
B. Which is assigned one and only one task
C. Which uses one kind of software
D. Which is meant for application software


The system unit of a personal computer typically contains all of the following except:

A. Microprocessor
B. Disk controller
C. Serial interface
D. Modem


A computer program that converts an entire program into machine language is called a/an

A. Interpreter
B. Simulator
C. Compiler
D. Commander


A computer program that translates one program instructions at a time into machine language is called a/an___________?

A. Interpreter
C. Compiler
D. Simulator


A small or intelligent device is so called because it contains within it a________?

A. Computer
B. Microcomputer
C. Programmable
D. Sensor


A fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly is known as___________?

A. Boot
B. Bug
C. Biff
D. Strap


A self replicating program, similar to a virus which was taken from a 1970s science fiction novel by John Bruner entitled the Shockwave Rider is__________?

A. Bug
B. Vice
C. Lice
D. Worm


Unwanted repetitious messages, such as unsolicited bulk e-mail is known as_________?

A. Spam
B. Trash
C. Calibri
D. Courier


DOS stands for____________?

A. Disk Operating System
B. Disk operating session
C. Digital Operating System
D. Digital Open system


Who is the Current CEO of Microsoft?

A. Babbage
B. Bill Gates
C. Bill Clinton
D. Satya Nadella


Which of the following are input devices?

A. Keyboard
B. Mouse
C. Card reader
D. All of these


Examples of output devices are?

A. Screen
B. Printer
C. Speaker
D. All of these


Which of the following is also known as brain of computer?

A. Control unit
B. Central Processing unit
C. Arithmetic and language unit
D. Monitor


____________translates and executes program at run time line by line?

A. Compiler
B. Interpreter
C. Linker
D. Loader


RAM stands for___________?

A. Random origin money
B. Random only memory
C. Read only memory
D. Random access memory


1 Byte =___________?

A. 8 bits
B. 4 bits
C. 2 bits
D. 9 bits

BIOS stands for__________?

A. Basic Input Output system
B. Binary Input output system
C. Basic Input Off system
D. all the above


Father of “C‘ programming language?

A. Dennis Ritchie
B. Prof John Keenly
C. Thomas Kurtz
D. Bill Gates


The instructions that tell a computer how to carry out the processing tasks are referred to as computer___________?

A. programs
B. processors
C. input devices
D. memory modules


An area of a computer that temporarily holds data waiting to be processed is___________?

B. Memory
C. Storage
D. File


___________ is the key to close a selected drop -down list; cancel a command and close a dialog box.

D. F10


___________is the key we use to run the selected command?



____________Is the functional key to display save-as box?

A. F5
B. F6
C. F9
D. F12


Data becomes____________when it is presented in a format that people can understand and use.

A. processed
B. graphs
C. information
D. presentation


The term___________designates equipment that might be added to a computer system to enhance its functionality.

A. digital device
B. system add-on
C. disk pack
D. peripheral device

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