Computer Fundamental-1


The term ‘Computer’ is derived from__________?

A. Latin
B. German
C. French
D. Arabic

Who is the father of Computer?

A. Allen Turing
B. Charles Babbage
C. Simur Cray
D. Augusta Adaming

 

The basic operations performed by a computer are__________?

A. Arithmetic operation
B. Logical operation
C. Storage and relative
D. All the above

 

Who is the father of Internet ?

A. Chares Babbage
B. Vint Cerf
C. Denis Riche
D. Martin Cooper

 

If a computer has more than one processor then it is known as__________?

A. Uni-process
B. Multiprocessor
C. Multi-threaded
D. Multi-programming

 

A light sensitive device that converts drawing, printed text or other images into digital form is___________?

A. Keyboard
B. Scanner
C. OMR
D. None of these

 

WWW stands for___________?

A. World Whole Web
B. Wide World Web
C. Web World Wide
D. World Wide Web

 

A collection of system programs that controls and co-ordinates the overall operations of a computer system is called____________?

A. System software
B. Operating system
C. Utility program
D. Device driver

 

What type of operating system MS-DOS is?

A. Command Line Interface
B. Graphical User Interface
C. Multitasking
D. Menu Driven Interface

 

1 Gigabyte is equal to ____________?

A. 1024 bits
B. 1000 megabytes
C. 1024 kilobytes
D. 1024 megabytes

 

The brain of any computer system is___________?

A. ALU
B. Memory
C. CPU
D. Control unit

 

Which of the following are components of Central Processing Unit (CPU) ?

A. Arithmetic logic unit, Mouse
B. Arithmetic logic unit, Control unit
C. Arithmetic logic unit, Integrated Circuits
D. Control Unit, Monitor

 

Analog computer works on the supply of ____________?

A.Continuous electrical pulses
B.Electrical pulses but not continuous
C.Magnetic strength
D.None of the above

 

which one is Digital device, select from the choices below?

A. Digital Clock
B. Automobile speed meter
C. Clock with a dial and two hands
D. All of them

 

The computer that process both analog and digital is called____________?

A. Analog computer
B. Digital computer
C. Hybrid computer
D. Mainframe computer

 

CD-ROM stands for____________?

A. Compactable Read Only Memory
B. Compact Data Read Only Memory
C. Compactable Disk Read Only Memory
D. Compact Disk Read Only Memory

 

ALU is____________?

A. Arithmetic Logic Unit
B. Array Logic Unit
C. Application Logic Unit
D. None of above

 

VGA is____________?

A. Video Graphics Array
B. Visual Graphics Array
C. Volatile Graphics Array
D. Video Graphics Adapter

 

MSI stands for___________?

A. Medium Scale Integrated Circuits
B. Medium System Integrated Circuits
C. Medium Scale Intelligent Circuit
D. Medium System Intelligent Circuit

 

WAN stands for_____________?

A. Wap Area Network
B. Wide Area Network
C. Wide Array Net
D. Wireless Area Network

What is the main difference between a mainframe and a super computer?

A. Super computer is much larger than mainframe computers
B. Super computers are much smaller than mainframe computers
C. Supercomputers are focused to execute few programs as fast as possible while mainframe uses its power to execute as many programs concurrently
D. Supercomputers are focused to execute as many programs as possible while mainframe uses its power to execute few programs as fast as possible.

 

_________ is called the father of modern digital computer?

A. Leibnitz
B. Blaise Pascal
C. Charles Babbage
D.  J.H  Muller

 

Who is the father of Computer science?

A. Allen Turing
B. Charles Babbage
C. Simur Cray
D. Augusta Adaming

 

A CPU contains___________?

A. a card reader and a printing device
B. an analytical engine and a control unit
C. a control unit and an arithmetic logic unit
D. an arithmetic logic unit and a card reader

 

Which of the following controls the process of interaction between the user and the operating system?

A. User interface
B. Language translator
C. Platform
D. Screen saver

 

The first computers were programmed using___________?

A. Assembly language
B. Machine language
C. Source code
D. Object code

 

__________is a combination of hardware and software that facilitates the sharing of information between computing devices.

A. Network
B. Peripheral
C. Expansion board
D. Digital device

 

Coded entries which are used to gain access to a computer system are called__________?

A. Entry codes
B. Passwords
C. Security commands
D. Code words

 

Which of the following statements is true about Minicomputer and Microcomputer?

A. Minicomputer works faster than Microcomputer
B. Microcomputer works faster than Minicomputer
C. Speed of both the computers is the same
D. The speeds of both these computers cannot be compared with the speed of advanced

 

You can organize files by storing them in__________?

A. archives
B. folders
C. indexes
D. lists

 

What type of resource is most likely to be a shared common resource in a computer Network?

A. Printers
B. Speakers
C. Floppy disk drives
D. Keyboards

 

Which device is required for the Internet connection?

A. Joystick
B. Modem
C. CD Drive
D. NIC Card

What is a light pen?

A. A Mechanical Input device
B. Optical input device
C. Electronic input device
D. Optical output device

UNIVAC is___________?

A. Universal Automatic Computer
B. Universal Array Computer
C. Unique Automatic Computer
D. Unvalued Automatic Computer

The capacity of 3.5 inch floppy disk was__________?

A. 1.40 MB
B. 1.44 GB
C. 1.40 GB
D. 1.44 MB

MICR stands for_________?

A. Magnetic Ink Character Reader
B. Magnetic Ink Code Reader
C. Magnetic Ink Cases Reader
D. None

EBCDIC stands for__________?

A. Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
B. Extended Bit Code Decimal Interchange Code
C. Extended Bit Case Decimal Interchange Code
D. Extended Binary Case Decimal Interchange Code

Which of the following is a part of the Central Processing Unit?

A. Printer
B. Key board
C. Mouse
D. Arithmetic & Logic unit

CAD stands for_________?

A. Computer aided design
B. Computer algorithm for design
C. Computer application in design
D. Computer analogue design

 

Junk e-mail is also called_________?

A. spam
B. spoof
C. sniffer script
D. spool

 

which statement describe “Hackers”?

A. all have the same motive
B. break into other people’s computers
C. may legally break into computers as long as they do not do any damage
D. are people who are allergic to computers

 

What type of computers are client computers (most of the time) in a client-server system?

A. Mainframe
B. Mini-computer
C. Microcomputer
D. PDA

 

A computer cannot ‘boot’ if it does not have the__________?

A. Compiler
B. Loader
C. Operating System
D. Assembler

 

The amount of vertical space between lines of text in a document is called___________?

A. double-space
B. line spacing
C. single space
D. vertical spacing

 

Example of non-numeric data is_________?

A. Employee address
B. Examination score
C. Bank balance
D. All of these

 

What is embedded system?

A. The programme which arrives by being wrapped in box.
B. The programme which is the permanent part of the computer
C. The computer which is the part of a larger system or machine
D. The computer and software system that control the machine

 

When a file is saved for the first time?

A. a copy is automatically printed
B. it must be given a name to identify it
C. it does not need a name
D. it only needs a name if it is not going to be printed

 

Where are data and programme stored when the processor uses them?

A. Main memory
B. Secondary memory
C. Disk memory
D. Programme memory

 

__________represents raw facts, where-as__________is data made meaningful?

A. Information, reporting
B. Data, information
C. Information, bits
D. Records, bytes


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