History of Computer in Nepal


Computer is called Susaankhya in Nepalese Language. There is not a long history of computers in Nepal. Nepal hired some types of calculators and computers for it's census calculation. Following list shows it's history in Nepal.

1)    1961 AD (2018 BS) – “Facit” was used for census calculation. It was an electronic calculator, not a computer.

2)    1971 AD (2028 BS) – “IBM 1401, a second-generation computer” was used for census calculation on rent for Rs. 1 lakhs and 25 thousand per month to process census data

3)    In 2031 BS- Yantrik Sarinikaran Kendra (Electronic Data Processing Centre) was established which was later called as National Computer Centre ( NCC ).

4)    2038 BS- ICL 2950/10 a second generation mainframe computer  having 64 terminals was brought in Nepal by the aid of UNDP and UNFPA from England for 20 lakhs US dollars. Now, It is kept in Museum of NCC, Singhdurbar

5)    2039 B.S.- Microcomputer like; Apple, Vector, Sirius were introduced in the capital by private companies and individuals. From that time computers have been used in different government sectors like banking, agriculture, universities etc.

6)   1995 AD – Internet service limiting Email facility in Nepal by private sector company, Mercantile Communications. Mercantile Communications stands first to start the Internet in Nepal.

7)    Father of Nepali Software incl. Nepali Fonts – Muni Shakya.

8)    1997 AD – Telecommunications Act 1997 was issued.

9)    1998 AD – On the basis of the Telecommunications Act 1997, Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) – a telecommunication regulatory body was formed.

10)    2000 AD (2057 BS) – First IT Policy was formulated with a vision of positioning Nepal on global IT map within the next 5 years, which has adopted a 15-point strategic framework.

11)    IT Policy 2057 was reviewed in 2067 BS and again reviewed as ICT Policy in 2072 BS.

12)    Electronic Transaction Act 2063 and Electronic Transaction Rules 2064 are issued.

13)   Computer Association of Nepal (CAN) was formed in May 1992 but was formally registered in December 1992. And later registered as Federation of Computer Association Nepal (CAN Federation) in January 2015.

The Information Technology Park (commonly known as Info Tech Park or IT Park), Nepal's only Information Technology Park, is situated between Banepa and Panauti of Kavrepalanchowk DistrictNepal.It was completed in April 2003 with a total investment of NRs. 270 million (~ 2 million USD). The initiation of the Park was formally done by an American company IBM but it left after nine months. Javra Software Company from the Netherlands had also started work but it too left, stating technical reasons and shifted to Kathmandu. By July 2014, it has not come into operation, as a result of which the Government of Nepal is missing millions of rupees in revenue. The government has formed a department named the Department of Information Technology for the socio-economic transformation to form a developed country.

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